Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)
The LMIA Document
Applying for LMIA
There are typically two employment categories – high-wage and low-wage. The LMIA application process for the two categories differs from each other. An employee who is paid above the provincial minimum wage is considered high-wage, and who is paid below the provincial minimum wage is considered low-wage.
For high-wage LMIA applications, employers also need to submit transition plans specifying how they would reduce their reliance on the foreign workforce in the long term. And, for low-wage positions, IRCC limits how many foreign workers an employer can recruit based on the employer’s size of operations.
The employer must also pay CAD 1,000 for each LMIA approval request.
Having a positive LMIA
- Highest-demand occupations (usually related to major infrastructure development and material extractions)
- Highest-paid occupations,
- Shortest-duration occupations (up to 120 calendar days, usually for equipment manufacturing and maintenance works)
Some high-in-demand LMIA positions
- Farm supervisors: There are more than 2.3 million jobs related to aquaculture, horticulture, and grain and animal production.
- Caregivers: Statistics suggest that more than 20% of the Canadian population will move past the retirement page within a decade, and there will be a constant demand for caregiver positions.
- Truck drivers: Canadian manufacturing companies significantly rely on road transport for their logistics and procurement, and almost all provinces continuously seek experienced truck drivers.
- Web designers and developers: With a rapid increase of online service platforms, Canadian provinces are actively opening more positions for skilled tech and web development professionals. Global Talent Stream has been introduced to issue expedited work permits for such professionals.